Dr. Arindam Majumdar

 

M.B.B.S., M.S. (Gynecologist & Obstetriciana)

 

Consultant Gynecologist & Obstetrician
Diploma in advanced Gynaecological
Laparascopic Sugery, KIEL, Germany
Reg. No. 64861 (WBMC)
Fellowship in IVF
World Laparoscopy Hospital, New Delhi.

 
 
 

PELVIC ORGAN PROLAPSE

 
 

Pelvic organ prolapse, a type of pelvic floor disorder, can affect many women. In fact, about one-third of all women are affected by prolapse or similar conditions over their lifetime.

 

What Is a Pelvic Floor Disorder?

The "pelvic floor" is a group of muscles that form a kind of hammock across your pelvic opening. Normally, these muscles and the tissues surrounding them keep the pelvic organs in place. These organs include your bladder, uterus, vagina, small bowel, and rectum.

 

Sometimes, these muscles and tissue develop problems. Some women develop pelvic floor disorders following childbirth. And as women age, pelvic organ prolapse and other pelvic floor disorders become more common.

 

When pelvic floor disorders develop, one or more of the pelvic organs may stop working properly. Conditions associated with pelvic floor disorders include :

 

• Pelvic organ prolapse

 

• Urinary incontinence

 

• Anal incontinence

 
 

What is the cause of a prolapse?

Conditions that cause excessive pressure on the pelvic floor like obesity, persistent coughing, heavy lifting and chronic constipation. It may also occur as a result of other medical conditions that can damage the muscles, nerves and ligaments in the pelvis.

 

"Prolapse" refers to a descending or drooping of organs. Pelvic organ prolapse refers to the prolapse or drooping of any of the pelvic floor organs, including:

 

• Bladder

• Uterus

• Vagina

• Small bowel

• Rectum

 

These organs are said to prolapse if they descend into or outside of the vaginal canal or anus. You may hear them referred to in these ways:

 

• Cystocele: A prolapse of the bladder into the vagina, the most common condition

 

• Urethrocele: A prolapse of the urethra (the tube that carries urine)

 

• Uterine prolapse

 

• Vaginal vault prolapse: prolapse of the vagina

 

• Enterocele: Small bowel prolapse

 

• Rectocele: Rectum prolapse

 
 

What Causes Pelvic Organ Prolapse?

Anything that puts increased pressure in the abdomen can lead to pelvic organ prolapse. Common causes include:

 

Pregnancy, labor, and childbirth (the most common causes)

 

Obesity

 

Respiratory problems with a chronic, long-term cough

 

Constipation

 

Pelvic organ cancers

 

Surgical removal of the uterus (hysterectomy)

 

Genetics may also play a role in pelvic organ prolapse. Connective tissues may be weaker in some women, perhaps placing them more at risk.

 
 

What Are the Symptoms of Pelvic Organ Prolapse?

Some women notice nothing at all, but others report these symptoms with pelvic organ prolapse:

 

A feeling of pressure or fullness in the pelvic area

 

A backache low in the back

 

Painful intercourse

 

A feeling that something is falling out of the vagina

 

Urinary problems such as leaking of urine or a chronic urge to urinate

 

Constipation

 

Spotting or bleeding from the vagina

 

Symptoms depend somewhat on which organ is drooping. If the bladder prolapses, urine leakage may occur. If it's the rectum, constipation and uncomfortable intercourse often occur. A backache as well as uncomfortable intercourse often accompanies small intestine prolapse. Uterine prolapse is also accompanied by backache and uncomfortable intercourse.

 
 
 

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TREATMENTS

Routine Antenatal Care
Recurrent Pregnancy Loss

Gynaecological Laparoscopy & Hysteroscopic Surgery

Painless LSCS

Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Urinary Incontinence

High Risk Pregnancy

Reconstructive Pelvic Surgery

Uterine Fibroids

Endometriosis

Ovarian Cysts

Minimally Invasive Hysterectomy

Infertility

 

DR. ARINDAM MAJUMDAR

Consultant Gynecologist & Obstetrician
Formerly Senior Resident
NRS Medical College & Hospital
Reg. No. 64861 (WBMC)
Fellowship in IVF
World Laparoscopy Hospital, New Delhi.

 

Mob. : 0 92315 09828

 

E-Mail : arindamasutia@gmail.com

 

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RESIDENCY

Fortune Township
U – 103,
Barasat, West Bengal, India.